I was asked “If not redistributing wealth, what role do you think the government should play in our country?“, in response to my previous post that I wrote on September 26th.
To which I had to go back to the Constitution of the United States of America and find some answers.
The question I was asked needs to be examined in greater detail.
Is it the role of the Federal Government to redistribute wealth?
Let’s take a look at what power the feds are supposed to have. Article 1 section 8:
The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;
To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the Acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings;–And
To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
There is more in the next section:
The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a Tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.
No Capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another; nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.
No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.
No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.
Of course we need to look at some of the amendments too:
Passed by Congress July 2, 1909. Ratified February 3, 1913.
Note: Article I, section 9, of the Constitution was modified by amendment 16.
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
So, these specific passages spell out the role of our federal government and does not say anything about giving to the poor or needy. As a matter of fact, the 10th amendment prohibits the federal government from assuming power that the constitution does not specifically give it:
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
Individual states have the rights within their own constitutions to do lots of things including redistribution of wealth if it is allowed in their state laws. But the Federal government is constitutionally prohibited as we have seen above.
And as individuals, we have the right to move to another state within the United States of America, if we do not like the laws where we live, and we retain our citizenship in the United States of America.
Another question, If the federal government does not take care of the poor and needy through a system of wealth redistribution, then who does? Well, individual states may have the right to do so, but a better system seems to be private and community services that receive funds voluntarily from those that want to give to others.
By the way, here is a link to the Constitution and related documents.